Spin2 production at hadron Colliders
Many new physics scenarios predict spin2 particles at the TeV scale. Here we summarize the theories that contains spin2 particles implemented in MadGraph/MadEvent. They are the following:
 ADD or Large extra dimension theory;
 RS or Warped extra dimension theory;
 MGM (masseless graviton) model.
ADD theory
Theory with D = 4 + d dimensions, with additional d spatial dimensions assumed to be compactified to be a torus with common radius R. Because only spin2 particles can propagate through D dimensions, a massive KK tower of spin2 particles appear in 4 dimensions. They can interact with the SM fields with a very weak coupling constant given by 1/Λ:
The mass gap between neighbouring modes is proportional to 1/R, hence small for d not too large. The discrete mass spectrum can be approximated by a continuum with an integrated density of states. In other words, the 4 dimensional spin2 particles appears as a infinite sum of its excited states.
Consequence: Spin2 should not decay fast, so it is expected to be seem as missing energy @ hadron colliders.
In MadGraph/MadEvent: This model is called ADD and you can ask for processes using for example this proc_card.dat, and this param_card.dat.
 Model references:
 I. Antoniadis, N. ArkaniHamed, S. Dimopoulos and G. R. Dvali: hepph/9803315, hepph/9807344, hepph/9804398
 Implementation references:
 K. Hagiwara, J. Kanzaki, Q. Li and K. Mawatari: arXiv/0805.2554
 P. de Aquino, K. Hagiwara, Q. Li and F. Maltoni: arXiv/1101.5499
RS theory
Theory with D = 4 + 1 dimensions, in which the extra dimension is spatial and assumed to be compactified to be a torus with radius R. Here, the total spacetime has a warped metric and the size of the extra dimension can be at the order of the Planck length. Again, only spin2 particles can propagate through 5 dimensions, therefore, a massive KK tower of spin2 particles appear in 4 dimensions. They can interact with the SM fields with a strong coupling constant given by 1/Λ:
where k is a scale of order of the Planck scale. In this model, the mass of the nth spin2 particle is given by:
which can be ~ O(1 TeV), at the LHC reach.
Consequence: Spin2 should decay very fast and it is expected to be seem as a resonance @ hadron colliders (e.g., it decays into a pair of leptons).
In MadGraph/MadEvent: This model is called RS and you can ask for processes using for example this proc_card.dat, and this param_card.dat.
 Model references:
 L. Randall and R. Sundrum:hepph/9905221, hepth/9906064
 Implementation references:
 K. Hagiwara, J. Kanzaki, Q. Li and K. Mawatari: arXiv/0805.2554
 P. de Aquino, K. Hagiwara, Q. Li and F. Maltoni: arXiv/1101.5499
MGM model
Fourdimensional model that contains a huge number of hidden sector particles that interacts only gravitationally with the Standard Model particles. It has been suggested that gravity may be interpreted as renormalization of the effective gravity coupling due to these hidden sector particles. Therefore, the existence of M_{pl}/TeV ~ 10^{32} such particles is required.
The graviton is massless in this class of theories and its coupling to the SM particles is given by 1/Λ:
Notice \overline{M_{pl}} now depends on the effective energy scale.
Consequence: Spin2 should not decay fast, so it is expected to be seem as missing energy @ hadron colliders.
In MadGraph/MadEvent: This model is called massless_grav and you can ask for processes using for example this proc_card.dat, and this param_card.dat.
 Model references:
 G. R. Dvali: hepth/0106058, arXiv/0706.2050, arXiv/0710.4344
 X. Calmet, S. D. H. Hsu and D. Reeb: arXiv/0711.2306, arXiv/0803.1836, arXiv/0805.0145
 Implementation references:
 P. de Aquino, K. Hagiwara, Q. Li and F. Maltoni: arXiv/1101.5499
Attachments (6)

ADD_proc_card.dat
(3.5 KB) 
added by PriscilaAquino 8 years ago.
proc_card.dat example for ADD

MGM_proc_card.dat
(3.4 KB) 
added by PriscilaAquino 8 years ago.
proc_card.dat example for MGM

RS_proc_card.dat
(3.3 KB) 
added by PriscilaAquino 8 years ago.
proc_card.dat example for RS

ADD_param_card.dat
(5.2 KB) 
added by PriscilaAquino 8 years ago.
Param_card example for ADD

MGM_param_card.dat
(4.9 KB) 
added by PriscilaAquino 8 years ago.
Param_card example for MGM

RS_param_card.dat
(5.0 KB) 
added by PriscilaAquino 8 years ago.
Param_card example for RS
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