Changes between Version 5 and Version 6 of TracCgi


Ignore:
Timestamp:
04/06/12 16:33:29 (7 years ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
Modified
  • TracCgi

    v5 v6  
    11= Installing Trac as CGI =
     2
     3To install Trac as a CGI script, you need to make the `trac.cgi` executable as a CGI by your web server.
    24
    35{{{
    46#!div class=important
    5   ''Please note that using Trac via CGI is the slowest deployment method available. It is slower than [TracModPython mod_python], [TracFastCgi FastCGI] and even [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp IIS/AJP] on Windows.''
     7  ''Please note that using Trac via CGI is significantly slower than any other deployment method, such as [TracModPython mod_python] or [TracFastCgi FastCGI] or even [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp IIS/AJP] on Windows.''
    68}}}
    79
    8 CGI script is the entrypoint that web-server calls when a web-request to an application is made. To generate the `trac.cgi` script run:
     10If you're using [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache HTTPD], there are a couple ways to do that:
     11
     12 1. Use a `ScriptAlias` to map a URL to the `trac.cgi` script
     13 2. Copy the `trac.cgi` file into the directory for CGI executables used by your web server (commonly named `cgi-bin`). A word of warning, copying the file directly from the repository onto a windows server 2003 machine created difficulties. Rather create a new text file and cut and copy the text into the newly created file. You can also create a symbolic link, but in that case make sure that the `FollowSymLinks` option is enabled for the `cgi-bin` directory.
     14
     15The first option is recommended as it also allows you to map the CGI to a friendly URL.
     16
     17Now, edit the Apache configuration file and add this snippet, file names and locations changed to match your installation:
    918{{{
    10 trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /path/to/www/trac
    11 }}}
    12 `trac.cgi` will be in the `cgi-bin` folder inside the given path. Make sure it is executable by your web server. This command also copies `static resource` files to a `htdocs` directory of a given destination.
    13 
    14 == Apache web-server configuration ==
    15 
    16 In [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] there are two ways to run Trac as CGI:
    17 
    18  1. Use a `ScriptAlias` directive that maps an URL to the `trac.cgi` script (recommended)
    19  2. Copy the `trac.cgi` file into the directory for CGI executables used by your web server (commonly named `cgi-bin`). You can also create a symbolic link, but in that case make sure that the `FollowSymLinks` option is enabled for the `cgi-bin` directory.
    20 
    21 To make Trac available at `http://yourhost.example.org/trac` add `ScriptAlias` directive to Apache configuration file, changing `trac.cgi` path to match your installation:
    22 {{{
    23 ScriptAlias /trac /path/to/www/trac/cgi-bin/trac.cgi
     19ScriptAlias /trac /usr/share/trac/cgi-bin/trac.cgi
    2420}}}
    2521
    26  ''Note that this directive requires enabled `mod_alias` module.''
     22 ''Note that this directive requires the `mod_alias` module to be installed and enabled.''
    2723
    2824If you're using Trac with a single project you need to set its location using the `TRAC_ENV` environment variable:
     
    4036}}}
    4137
    42  ''Note that the `SetEnv` directive requires enabled `mod_env` module. It is also possible to set TRAC_ENV in trac.cgi. Just add the following code between "try:" and "from trac.web ...":''
     38 ''Note that the `SetEnv` directive requires the `mod_env` module to be installed and enable. If not, you could set TRAC_ENV in trac.cgi. Just add the following code between "try:" and "from trac.web ...":''
    4339
    4440{{{
     
    5450}}}
    5551
     52This will make Trac available at `http://yourhost.example.org/trac`.
     53
    5654If you are using the [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/suexec.html Apache suEXEC] feature please see [http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/ApacheSuexec].
    5755
     
    6058== Mapping Static Resources ==
    6159
    62 Out of the box, Trac will pass static resources such as style sheets or images through itself. For a CGI setup this is '''highly undesirable''', because this way CGI script is invoked for documents that could be much more efficiently served directly by web server.
     60Out of the box, Trac will serve static resources such as style sheets or images itself. For a CGI setup, though, this is highly undesirable, because it results in the CGI script being invoked for documents that could be much more efficiently served by the web server directly.
    6361
    64 Web servers such as [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] allow you to create “Aliases” to resources, giving them a virtual URL that doesn't necessarily reflect the layout of the servers file system. We already used this capability by defining a `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script. We also can map requests for static resources directly to the directory on the file system, avoiding processing these requests by CGI script.
     62Web servers such as [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache HTTPD] allow you to create “Aliases” to resources, thereby giving them a virtual URL that doesn't necessarily bear any resemblance to the layout of the servers file system. We already used this capability above when defining a `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script, and we'll use it now to map requests to the static resources to the directory on the file system that contains them, thereby bypassing the processing of such requests by the CGI script.
    6563
    66 There are two primary URL paths for static resources - `/chrome/common` and `/chrome/site`. Plugins can add their own resources usually accessible by `/chrome/plugin` path, so its important to override only known paths and not try to make universal `/chrome` alias for everything.
    67 
    68 Add the following snippet to Apache configuration '''before''' the `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script, changing paths to match your deployment:
     64Edit the Apache configuration file again and add the following snippet '''before''' the `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script , file names and locations changed to match your installation:
    6965{{{
    70 Alias /trac/chrome/common /path/to/trac/htdocs
    71 <Directory "/path/to/www/trac/htdocs">
     66Alias /trac/chrome/common /usr/share/trac/htdocs
     67<Directory "/usr/share/trac/htdocs">
    7268  Order allow,deny
    7369  Allow from all
     
    7571}}}
    7672
    77 Note that we mapped `/trac` part of the URL to the `trac.cgi` script, and the path `/chrome/common` is the path you have to append to that location to intercept requests to the static resources.
     73Note that whatever URL path you mapped the `trac.cgi` script to, the path `/chrome/common` is the path you have to append to that location to intercept requests to the static resources.
    7874
    7975For example, if Trac is mapped to `/cgi-bin/trac.cgi` on your server, the URL of the Alias should be `/cgi-bin/trac.cgi/chrome/common`.
    8076
    81 Similarly, if you have static resources in a project's htdocs directory (which is referenced by /chrome/site URL in themes), you can configure Apache to serve those resources (again, put this '''before''' the `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script, and adjust names and locations to match your installation):
     77Similarly, if you have static resources in a projects htdocs directory, you can configure apache to serve those resources (again, put this '''before''' the `ScriptAlias` for the CGI script, and adjust names and locations to match your installation):
    8278
    8379{{{
     
    8985}}}
    9086
    91 Alternatively to hacking `/trac/chrome/site`, you can directly specify path to static resources using `htdocs_location` configuration option in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini]:
     87Alternatively, you can set the `htdocs_location` configuration option in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini]:
    9288{{{
    9389[trac]
    94 htdocs_location = http://yourhost.example.org/trac-htdocs
     90htdocs_location = /trac-htdocs
    9591}}}
    9692
    9793Trac will then use this URL when embedding static resources into HTML pages. Of course, you still need to make the Trac `htdocs` directory available through the web server at the specified URL, for example by copying (or linking) the directory into the document root of the web server:
    9894{{{
    99 $ ln -s /path/to/www/trac/htdocs /var/www/yourhost.example.org/trac-htdocs
     95$ ln -s /usr/share/trac/htdocs /var/www/your_site.com/htdocs/trac-htdocs
    10096}}}
    10197
     
    164160
    165161----
    166 See also:  TracGuide, TracInstall, [wiki:TracModWSGI], TracFastCgi, TracModPython
     162See also:  TracGuide, TracInstall, wiki:TracModWSGI, TracFastCgi, TracModPython