== Higgs phenomenology at hadron colliders == ==== 1. Decays of the Higgs boson ==== * A light SM Higgs boson mostly decays into $b\bar b$. Compute the decay rate for $H\rightarrow b\bar b$. * For a Higgs mass of around 160 !GeV, the main decay mode is $H\rightarrow WW$. Compute the decay rate. The Higgs branching ratios can be found [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h-br.pdf here]. You may also have a look at the following Mathematica [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/bin/viewfile/Physics/HiggsPheno?rev=1;filename=HDecay.nb notebook]. ==== 2. Gluon fusion and Higgs effective field theory ==== The computation of the leading order cross-section of a Higgs boson via gluon fusion involves the computation of a top quark loop. In the large top mass limit, the gluon fusion production of a Higgs boson can be described by an effective field theory where the Higgs couples directly to the gluons, %$\begin{cal}L\end{cal}=C_H\, H\, G_{\mu\nu}^a\, G_a^{\mu\nu}$, where $C_H$ is an effective (dimensionful) coupling constant and $G_{\mu\nu}^a$ denotes the gluon field strength tensor. For details on the calculation of the top loop and the effective theory, see the notes and/or check the following Mathematica notebooks (which actually contain much more information): 1. pp>H at LO (1-loop): details of the calculation (Mathematica Notebook) [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/GIFSchool/HiggsGG-LO-mtfinite.nb HiggsGG-LO-mtfinite.nb] 1. pp>H at NLO: details of the calculation (Mathematica Notebook) [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/GIFSchool/HiggsGG-NLO.nb higgsGG-NLO.nb] 1. pp>H at NLO: cross section evaluation for the LHC (Mathematica Notebook+PDF libraries to be compiled) [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/GIFSchool/phenHiggs.tar.gz phenHiggs.tar.gz]. Exercise (DIFFICULT but interesting!!): Use the all the material above to derive the EFT description of a pseudo-scalar Higgs, A, %$\begin{cal}L\end{cal}=C_A\, A\, G_{\mu\nu}^a\, {\tilde G}_a^{\mu\nu}$, where $C_A$ is an effective (dimensionful) coupling constant and $G_{\mu\nu}^a$ denotes the gluon field strength tensor and %${\tilde G}''a^{\mu\nu}=\frac12 \epsilon^{\mu\nu\rho\sigma} G''a^{\rho\sigma}$ is its dual. Compute the loop amplitude, derive the Feynman rules in the large top mass limit and calculate the LO and NLO cross sections at the LHC. ==== 3. Discover the SM Higgs at the LHC ==== * Find the best prediction for Higgs production at the LHC [http://maltoni.web.cern.ch/maltoni/TeV4LHC/index.html here]. Choose a channel and investigate signal and background: 1. The 4 lepton final state: $pp \to H\to Z Z \to e^+e^- \mu^+ \mu^-$ * Signal * Events: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l-signal.lhe.gz Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l-signal.lhco.gz Detector Level] * Plots: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l-signal-lhe.pdf Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l-signal-lhco.pdf Detector Level] * Background * Events: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l.lhe.gz Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l.lhco.gz Detector Level] * Plots: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l-lhe.pdf Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/h4l-lhco.pdf Detector Level] 1. The 2 lepton + missing Et final state: $pp \to H\to W^+ W^- \to e^- \bar \nu_e \mu^+ \nu_\mu$ * Signal * Events: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-signal.lhe.gz Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-signal.lhco.gz Detector Level] * Plots: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-signal-lhe.pdf Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-signal-lhco.pdf Detector Level] * Background * Events: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-background.lhe.gz Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-background.lhco.gz Detector Level] * Plots: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-background-lhe.pdf Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/hww-background-lhco.pdf Detector Level] 1. Top associated production $pp \to t\bar tH$ with $H \to b \bar b$ * Signal + Background samples: * Events: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/ttbb.lhe.gz Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/ttbb.lhco.gz Detector Level] * Plots: [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/ttbb-lhe.pdf Parton Level] [http://cp3wks05.fynu.ucl.ac.be/twiki/pub/Physics/DiscoverTheHiggs/ttbb-lhco.pdf Detector Level] ==== 4. Gluon fusion vs. weak boson fusion ==== * Use the web interface of !MadGraph/!MadEvent to generate the cross-sections for H+2jets at the LHC via gluon fusion and weak boson fusion. Hint: For the gluon fusion, you need to use the Higgs efective field theory (heft) in !MadGraph/!MadEvent. * Plot the rapidities of the two jets for boson production channels. * What do you observe? What do you conclude? * What happens to this picture when a third jet is added? -- Main.FabioMaltoni - 28 Aug 2008